Ramblin in the New Mown Hay

a.k.a. "I Like To Rise"  

Here's a nice video of the inimitable Rose Sheehan and the Newtowne Morris Men.

I like to rise when the sun she rises,
early in the morning
And I like to hear them small birds singing,
Merrily upon the layland
And hurrah for the life of a country boy,
And for ramblin' in the new mown hay.
In the spring we sow at the harvest mow
And that is how the seasons round they go
but of all the times, if choose I may,
I’d be rambling through the new mown hay.      


In summer when the sun is hot
We sing, and we dance, and we drink a lot
We spend all night in sport and play
And go rambling in the new mown hay              

In autumn when the oak trees turn
We gather all the wood that’s fit to burn
We cut and stash and stow away
And go rambling in the new mown hay              


In winter when the sky’s gray
we hedge and ditch our times away,
but in the summer when the sun shines gay,
We go ramblin’ through the new mown hay.         


Appleton, Hope, Lincolnville Schools

It was great fun singing and talking with the students at the Appleton, Hope and Lincolnville Schools this week.

I taught and demonstrated:
Haul on the Bowline
Warm Them Pipes
Throat Singing like this
Norwegian Seljefløyte tunes like this
Maine Fiddle tunes, like these

And showed video of:
Singing Farmers in Tanzania
Musical Herders in Mongolia
Singing Fishermen in Ghana
and The Worksong Project to collect and share more worksongs.

It was particularly fun showing off my papercutting artworks and answering everyone's questions about them. 

Thanks so much for having me!  Keep on singing!
- Bennett


Jody was sung by Benny Richardson in Ellis Unit, part of the Texas penitentiary system in Hendersonville, Texas in the 1960s.  It was collected by Bruce Jackson and his scholarship matches the remarkable nature of the song itself. 

There is a great video that includes Jody being sung by Benny Richardson here at folkstreams.net. The video, which was made by Pete and Toshi Seeger, includes a transcript that is useful for reading along as you watch the video.

Another important resource for Jody is "Wake Up Dead Man, Hard Labor and Southern Blues" by Bruce Jackson.  In it he describes the epic nature of the song, which has a simple form, satisfying melody and and haiku-like lyrics that distill the prison experience 


I've been working all day long,
Pickin' this stuff called cotton and corn,

We raise cotton, cane and a-corn.
'Taters and tomatoes and a-that ain't all,

Back is weak and I done got tired,
Got to tighten up just to save my hide.

Boss on a hoss and he's watchin' us all,
Better tighten up, (if we) don't we'll catch the hall.

Wonder if the Major will go my bail.
(Or) give me twelve hours standing on the rail.

Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, yeah.

I see the Captain sittin' in the shade.
He don't do nothin' but-a he get paid.

We work seven long days in a row.
Two sacks of Bull and a picture show.

In the wintertime we get no lay,
Cuttin' cane and makin' syrup every day.

When it gets wet in the cane field.
All the squads work around the old syrup mill.

Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, yeah.

Two more months and it won't be long.
Gonna catch the chain 'cause I'm goin' home.

Goin' back home to my old gal, Sue,
My buddy's wife and his sister, too.

Ain't no need of you writin' home.
Jody's got your girl and gone.

Ain't no need of you feelin' blue,
Jody's got your sister, too.

First thing I'll do when I get-a home.
Call my woman on the telephone.

Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, yeah.

Gonna settle down for the rest of my life.
Get myself a job and get myself a wife.

Six long years I've been in the pen.
Don't want to come to this place again.

Captain and the boss is drivin' us on.
Makin' us wish we'd-a stayed at home.

If we had listened what our mama say,
We wouln't be cuttin' wood here today.

Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, yeah.

Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, yeah.

Captain and the boss is drivin' us on,
Makin' us wish we'd-a stayed at home.

We had listened what our mama say,
We wouldn't (be) droppin' big timber here today.

Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, yeah.

From Wake Up Dead Man CD recorded by Bruce Jackson at Texas prisons in the mid-'60's.



L: Anjelina, Anjelina, Anjelina astandasta
G: Anjelina, Anjelina, Anjelina astandasta

L: Anjelina motto mzuri (E: HU!) Anjelina astandasta    
G: Anjelina, Anjelina, Anjelina astandasta

L: Anjelina miguu ya chupa (E: HU!) Anjelina astandasta
G: Anjelina, Anjelina, Anjelina astandasta

L: Anjelina shingo ya upanga (E: HU!) Anjelina astandasta
G: Anjelina, Anjelina, Anjelina astandasta

Donkey Riding


Stan Hugill described the stow-away shanty Donkey Riding in his book Shanties from the Seven Seas, pp. 119-20:

A shanty with words similar to [Hieland Laddie] and the same or almost identical tune is Donkey Riding. This was also very popular among the timber droghers both in Liverpool and Canadian ports, and was used as both a capstan and runaway song when working cargo. I had my version from an old shipmate called Spike Sennit, who said it was just as popular at sea as in port. The compiler of the Oxford Song Book (II), who gives a version very similar to mine, states that it was “not a shanty … but … a song which helped the ship's company stow deck cargo.” I'm afraid this is tying the meaning of the word shanty down a bit too tightly! Many work-songs used by seamen and dockers to stow cargo (in particular lumber and cotton) were the same as those used for capstan and other jobs at sea. And vice versa. Both Bullen and Doerflinger tend to show this, as well as do shanty books in Scandinavian languages. Many Scandinavian shanties used at capstan and pumps were sung when stowing timber aboard Baltic barques and timber droghers. Much improvisation was given to this song and many indecent lines found in the regulation verses.

Often people sing "Way hey and away we go", but Hugill lists it as "Way O" I kinda like it.  Take yer pick: 


Were you ever in Quebec
Stowin' timber on the deck?
Where ye'd break yer bleedin' neck
Riding on a donkey!

Way O and away we go
Donkey riding, donkey riding
Way O and away we go
Riding on a donkey.

Were you ever off the Horn
Where it's always fine and warm?
Where's there's a lion and a unicorn
Riding on a donkey.

Were you ever in Cardiff Bay
Where the folks all shout, "Hooray!"?
"Here comes Johnny with his six months pay
Riding on a donkey."

Were you ever in Timbucktoo
Where the gals are black and blue?
And they wriggle their arses, too
Riding on a donkey.

Were you ever in Vallipo
Where the gals put on a show?
Wriggle their arse with a roll and go
Riding on a donkey.

Wuz ye ever down Mobile Bay
Screwin' cotton all the day?,
A dollar a day is a white man's pay.
Ridin' on a donkey.

Wuz ye ever in Canton
Where the men wear pigtails long,
And the gals play hong-ki-kong?
Ridin' on a donkey.

Wuz ye ever in Mirramashee
Where ye tie up to a tree,
An' the skeeters do bite we?
Ridin' on a donkey

Wuz ye ever on the Broomielaw
Where the Yanks are all the go,
An' the boys dance heel an' toe?
Ridin' on a donkey.

God Speed the Plough

(First verse off a mug at my grandmother's house)
(aka "the farmer's arms" the first verse is part of a song farmers in England apparently used to sing on Ploughman's Monday as a way to embarrass people who hadn't yet paid for their services... it was like trick-or-treat for farmers)
(It is also a Morris Dancing song...)

(Verses 2,3,4 by Bennett Konesni) 

Let the wealthy and great, roll in splendor and state, I envy them not I declare it
I eat my own lamb My own chickens and ham I shear my own fleece and I wear it
I have lawns I have bowers I have fruits I have flowers The lark is my early alarmer
So Jolly boys now Here's God speed the plough Long life and success to the farmer

Well I wake every morn To the dew on the corn when light hasn't quite touched the sky-o
To the lowing of cows And the grunting of sows And the mare with a glint in her eye-o
There are deals to be made, There are debts to be paid, To feed madame credit, the charmer
So Jolly boys now Here's God speed the plough Long life and success to the farmer

Well I think every day of my girl far away of the riches she'll find on her travels
of the sharp foreign smells and the barbaric yells and the fine silty loams and the gravels
But they can't be as fine As just spending some time in the field in the dusk in the summer
So Jolly boys now Here's God speed the plough Long life and success to the farmer

Well of all that I love Under heaven above these things are the best of them all-o
It's the smell of the land and the touch of your hand how it grips soft and warm close to mine-o
and your voice like a bell well it casts quite a spell an arrow to pierce through the armor
So Jolly boys now Here's God speed the plough Long life and success to the farmer
So Jolly boys now Here's God speed the plough Long life and success to the farmer

YWW 015: Haul Away Joe

Hi Worksongers! Your Weekly Worksong is "Haul Away, Joe" These days I'm teaching a class at Unity College called "Work/Song: Musical Labor in Literature and in Life." It's a blast and so your (occassional) weekly worksongs this fall will be tailored to match the class material as we go along. Hope those of you who aren't in the class enjoy it!

I present this song in honor of Maine's Windjammer Weekend, in Camden Harbor this weekend. It is one of the first worksongs I learned, and it is the very first that I ever tried singing in a farm field, back in 2001 at Quail Hill Farm in Amagansett, NY.

Haul Away Joe is a classic shanty, most often sung in the way Malcom Ward does in this video.

But then there is this extraordinary version done by Lead Belly, which is mysterious strange and worth listening to if not just for the contrast. Scroll down a bit and you'll see it.

The difference between the versions is the folk process on display, overlaid with the genius of the songsters themselves.

Where I learned it Somewhere on Penobscot Bay, sometime between 1995 and 2000, possibly from Susan Hickey aboard the J&E Riggin.

Why it's a great song: Killer refrain. Mischievous lyrics.

If you try it: It works equally well in the fields as on deck- and for that matter it's also good in the pub. Get a bunch of rowdies together and sing it, loud.

Check it out: Haul Away Joe on worksongs.org with two versions to hear Malcolm Ward's home page Lead Belly's recording and many other great tracks from Smithsonian Folkways An interesting discussion of the Lead Belly Lyrics over at mudcat.org

Holler back with any questions or ideas! And let me know if you decide to sing it... -Bennett

PS. If you missed past weeks of Your Weekly Worksong, I've posted them here...

Upcoming Worksong Sessions- Come holler with us! September 21 - Common Ground Fair, Unity, Maine September 29 - 10:30am - "Worksongs: A Singing Service" at the Unitarian Church, Sag Harbor, NY

"Join Edith and Bennett and the Sylvester Manor Worksongers as we spend a joyous morning singing the songs that they use out in the fields. Much singing will be interspersed with discussion of using music to transform the mundane in the fields, and life in general. "

YWW 14: Reuben Ranzo

Hi Worksongers! Your weekly worksong is... Rueben Ranzo Here's one I learned aboard the schooners in Penobscot Bay, Maine, sometime between 1995 and 2000. Over those years I worked as a deckhand aboard several vessels and picked up lots of songs from my shipmates. There is a long tradition of sea songs and shanties to help bring up the anchor and raise the sails, and the repertoire of simple, fun songs is quite large.

I encountered it again during my Watson Fellowship being sung by a 50-member German sea shanty choir. It had been out of my repertoire until recently, when I came across it in a list of sea shanties by someone named John Ward.


Here is the song on worksong.org, including a rendition with curious anime accompaniment and a group from the 80s called Hedgehog Pie. The J&E Riggin, where I learned most of my sea songs The International Shanty and Sea Song Association has sailing sea shanty festivals in Europe! Good luck, have fun and let me know if you try it out! Bennett

YWW 13: Resources

Hi Worksongers! Instead of a song, this week I want to point out some info I've added to the site.

I Updated the list of traditions by country (Georgia the State to Georgia the Republic) Added a list of uses for songs (From pearl diving to river driving) Added a list of reasons to worksong (like drive off lonliness and critique the boss) Added a bunch of books and recordings to the source library Added a section called "spatial awareness and worksongs"

Here's the first part of that section... enjoy, and check it out the whole thing!

One of the biggest factors in making songs work in the field is the architecture of the space you're worksonging in. Here are some things to think about:

What are the noises around you? Are there trucks, airplanes, birds, tractors, irrigation? How do those sounds help/hinder your work and you music? Is it windy and will that carry the sound away from you? Is there a building / space you could do this work in that would make it sound better? Large open spaces take the sound and it floats away so you have to be louder. What time of day is it? (Sounds carry better in the morning when it is calm and more humid)

Hope this helps you think things through. I wrote this for the Sylvester Manor Worksongers Home Team as part of their weekly class in worksonging. Glad we could share it with you.

Question of the week: How could I make this email better? What would the perfect email have in it? I don't want it to be clutter... so if you have an idea, please let me know! -Bennett

PS. If you missed past weeks of Your Weekly Worksong, I've posted them here...

Upcoming Worksong Sessions- Come holler with us!

Wednesday July 31, 5pm : Farming with Horses and Work Song Hootenanny North Branch Farm , Monroe, Maine August 8-11, Lunenburg Harbor Folk Festival, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia September 21 - Common Ground Fair, Unity, Maine

YOWW 19: Kulning: Calling Livestock in North America

Hi Worksongers! Up here in Maine the snow is almost melted from the woods but the pastures haven't quite greened up yet.  That still gives us a few weeks to practice up on the ancient Scandinavian art of kulning, or calling livestock with song.  In various parts of Scandinavia the tradition is called Kulning, kaukingkaukning, kulokkerkyrlokker or lockrop.  It's probably most familiar to the world with the swedish term "kulning" so we'll use that.

Traditionally farmers would call their cows, goats and other livestock using these high-pitched hollers, which would echo across the pastures and through the bordering woods and valleys.  The echoing noise was a signal for the livestock to follow the herder out to pasture or to return home in the evening.  The practice is typically associated with women, but there are some archival recordings of men kulning as well.  Here is a remarkable archival film recording the practice in the mid-20th century:

Archival Kulning

And as is the case with herding music throughout the world, the practical use of the song and the space and time available on pasture allowed the shepherds to develop this music into a fine art, which is performed on stage today by both women and men.


I had heard kulning was not really used in pastures today, but doing some web-sleuthing I found a video that included a swedish farmer demonstrating kulning with his flock:

Modern Day Kulning

Kulning uses an interesting approach to scales which includes half-tones and quarter tones, which exist between notes that are found in the western musical scale.  They're kind of like blues notes, and they carry a mournful, wistful quality.  I have heard that these notes were derived from the scales that are naturally made by the overtone reed flute sälgflöjt and that of the similar horns (made from actual animal horns) and the horn and reed flute tunes in the archival film seem to reinforce that idea.

In any case, it's a wild and wonderful art that you have to hear to understand.  A fascinating blend of practicality and beauty, form and function.  Productive fun?  Yes!

On worksongs.org today I made a kulning page that I have uploaded some examples on.  Check them out!

In addition to the videos I mention above, there are some other treats that I will probably add to over time.  So go check it out and pass this on to any friends you think would be interested.

Good luck with your own livestock this spring- and whatever you're singing don't be afraid to get out and holler.  If you give kulning a try let me know how your animals respond- and send me a clip of it in action!

All the best,


PS. This is the first "occasional weekly worksong" with images.  Did it work?  Did you like it?

YOWW 018 : Black Betty

Hi Worksongers, Black Betty: Now here's a song that has so many layers of use and revival it's hard to call it one thing or another. It has been listed as a military marching cadence, prison holler, rock anthem.

And the phrase Black Betty itself has had several different meanings over the years... it was the nickname for the long rifle used in the revolutionary war (mother of the Brown Bess), and in the Texas prison system it was the name the prisoners used for the whip of the guards and the vehicle used to bring prisoners back and forth from the prison. It's also been the slang name for a bottle of whiskey in England, Scotland and America.

There is one of the more thorough wikipedia articles I've ever seen all about Black Betty that you should give a read over as you learn the song. Check it out:

Black Betty on Wikipedia Black Betty Lyrics on worksongs.org The Iron Head Version The Leadbelly Version

One thing I can say is that it works great for stacking wood with a group of people. Anyone can sing the refrain, bambalam, and it's pretty easy to start making up lyrics using the existing form of the song. When we were stacking wood the other day I had a lot of luck by using opposites, ie. Black Betty was up, Black Betty was down, Black Betty in the city, Black Betty in the town...

This trick of using opposites is helpful in any song that requires quick lyrical invention: once you've chosen a noun, the second half of the lyric is already decided for you. Works pretty well in this song.

I know a lot of you have started seeding onions and the like in your greenhouses. This is also a great chance to try on Black Betty because seeding can get kinda mindless and its easy to hear other people inside the greenhouse, unless the fan's on. And if the fan's on you can always harmonize with it.

Anyway, give it a try and let me know how it goes. And shoot me a note if you have any question!

- Bennett

PS. I'm sorry I'm not sending these things out weekly... it's tougher to keep a schedule than I thought it would be, especially since we're still building our house, it's tough to get settled into a routine. But I hope you're enjoying them when I do send them out. And thanks to all of you who have sent encouragement. Feels great to get the feedback. All the best - BK